The State Department said in a study that China perceives a growing India as a "rival" and wants to restrict its strategic alliance with the US, its allies, and with other democracies, stressing that Beijing aims to displace America as the world's foremost power. Coming ahead of the transfer of power from the administration of Donald Trump to the administration of President-elect Joe Biden after the US presidential election on November 3, the comprehensive policy document highlights that China is undermining the stability, autonomy and economic interests of many countries in the region. "China sees rising India as a competitor and seeks to encourage it to accommodate the aspirations of Beijing by engaging economically while restricting the strategic alliance of New Delhi with the United States, Japan, Australia and its ties with other democracies," the report said. The report added: "China is undermining the security, autonomy, and economic interests of many others in the region, such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states, including those in the vital Mekong region, as well as the Pacific Island nations."
The 70-page report notes that recognition that the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has sparked a new period of great-power rivalry has been rising in the US - and in nations around the world. "Within every region of the world, however few discern the pattern of China's inroads, much less the particular form of dominance to which the party aspires," said the paper. The CCP aims not only at prominence within the developed world order, an order centered on free and independent nation states, flowing from the universal values on which America was created, and advancing US national interests, but also to radically revise world order, bringing the People's Republic of China (PRC) at the centre of attention and serving Beijing’s authoritarian goals and hegemonic ambitions. "The US must secure freedom in the face of the Chinese challenge," the report said. China, it said, seeks to diminish US power by promoting a sense in the countries of the region that the supremacy of China is inevitable. "US treaty-based allies, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Thailand and the Philippines, as well as emerging strategic partners such as India, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Taiwan, are primary targets," it said.
According to the paper, the People's Liberation Army has recently provoked skirmishes along its disputed border with India, killing dozens on both sides, and remaining in a tense standoff with the military of India. Since May 5, Indian and Chinese troops in many areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh have been locked in a bitter standoff. After the June 15 Galwan Valley clashes, in which 20 Indian Army personnel were killed and an unconfirmed number of Chinese soldiers died, the situation worsened. Beijing's complicated relations with Taiwan, which it claims as its territory, were also highlighted in the paper. Beijing is threatening democratic Taiwan, which it considers to be a renegade province, planning, if possible, to reunify Taiwan with the Mainland by force. And the PLA Navy and the Chinese Coast Guard are gradually questioning Japan's Senkaku Islands administrative power,' it said.
"A profound break from traditional wisdom was made by the Trump administration. It concluded that the resolute conduct and self-professed priorities of the CCP require the US and other nations to revise assumptions and establish a new strategic strategy," according to the report, "to resolve the primacy and magnitude of the Chinese challenge." The study also highlighted the infectious coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan City, China. So far, 56,178, 674 individuals have been infected by the disease and 1,348,348 others around the world have been killed. "The CCP's recklessness in allowing the novel coronavirus born in Wuhan to evolve into a global pandemic coupled with the concerted misinformation campaign that Beijing conducted to cover the shame of China should put doubts to rest. The US is the worst affected country. Yet many individuals lack a proper understanding of the essence and scale of the challenge in China," it said.