Honor Killing: Curse To The Society
What is Honour killing?
Owing to the guilty belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonour to the family, an honour killing, or shame killing, can be described as the murder of a member of a family. According to them, by claiming that the victim has brought shame to the family name or reputation, the victim has violated the values of a culture or a religion. The murderer excuses their unlawful act. The definition of "honour" crimes does not mean that such crimes are "honourable," giving the impression that these crimes are a result of rigid norms and practises of culture. Honor killings undermine the community's peace and harmony. It also aims to teach future generations not to violate the so-called traditions or disbeliefs of culture.
The Honor killing does not discriminate between men and women, both of whom may be victims. The societies regulate the life of the person in any culture, a minute difference of opinion ignites scuffle between society and sometimes leads to lifetime punishment. It's a sort of domestic violence in which the unsaid consent of society is issued.
Reason for Honor killing
- Among the cases of honour killing, the same Gotra marriages are highly debated, though information shows that this explanation contributes only 3 percent, Inter Religion & Inter Caste marriages are among the top.
- The so-called caste leaders are afraid of losing their prestige and are causing chaos to keep it intact. They generate ruckus among the members of their society that results in these Heinous Crimes.
- With family / relatives and culture, the freedom to select your life partners remains. They cannot be chosen by the qualifying girls & boys. Thus, Same Gotra or Inter Caste or Inter Religion marriages are discouraged by society.
- The honour killings mostly occur in rural India, the key cause behind such crimes is inadequate administrative scope. In most areas, the police reach is restricted and it gives such couples fierce feelings.
- Usually located in the northern Indian state of Haryana, the Khap Panchayat are violent in such situations. To solve their social problems, the gathering or community of Same Gotra people comes together, sometimes the decisions taken by these panchayats are brutal in nature and unconstitutional.
- This is because the sex ratio in India is unfair, leading to less inclusion of women in society and the number of girls in some areas is so small that the need to buy brides from outside the state for their boys is too poor.
- The women are still illiterate, while every year the literacy rate is improving, but the decision-making process in the families is still illiterate. This issue causes their civil rights to be unrecognised.
- • The crime of honour is in violation of Article 14, 15(1) & (3) 19, 21 and 39(f) of the Indian Constitution.
- People also take such marriages as an assault on their social respect; they obviously do not want someone to take their reputation out of their hands.
- Somehow, in some areas, these honour killings are not social stigma because they are worshipped for taking such steps. This gives them a sense of a crime that is justified.
State wise cases of honour killing:
- Although in every part of India such crimes are reported, most of the top states are Haryana, UP, Rajasthan & Punjab.
- Cases of honour killing are also very frequently heard in southern Indian states.
- The number of cases against such crimes registered in 2015 is 251, 796 percent higher than the cases registered in 2014.
- In contrast to 2015, 2016 was a better year, with 77 cases reported for this reason.
- Recent cases of honour killing have risen in India. Such a heinous crime has legal consequences:
- In the name of tradition , culture & community, human rights are abused.
- There are also violations of the freedom to live with dignity, violating Article 21 of the Indian Constitution.
- A lack of affection, compassion and harmony with other fellow Indians is established.
- The offences reflect government incapacity and often challenge the ability of governments to monitor such cases.
- The working capacity of our Police Forces & Judiciary System is also challenged.
- It also violates the freedom to choose; girls & boys are unable on their own to choose their life partners. Among such couples, it causes trauma, stress & fear.
- National integration between fellow Indians is also hampers & individuals begin to act indifferently with each other.
- It also loses women's faith in making their own choices, resulting in minimal representation of women in matters related to society.
- The individuals among the different Khaps & Panchayats also consider themselves above the constitution.
Law Establish Against Honor Killing
Existing Penalties under Indian Penal Code:
- IPC Sec 299-304: It specifies the penalty levied on the person accused of murdering or murdering others. Life Imprisonment & fine or death penalty will punish him or her. The sentence for murder could be life imprisonment. The gaol sentence is only up to 10 years.
- IPC Sec 307: The attempt to kill is defined in this section of the IPC. In this section, up to 10 years of imprisonment and economic fines can be ordered for the culprit. When the victim is attacked for any permanent or temporary disability, the incarceration may be increased.
- IPC Sec 308: If the defendant is guilty of accidental murder, he or she can be sent to gaol for up to 3 years and fines. The imprisonment can be increased up to 7 years & fine if the victim is physically injured due to such act.
- Sec 120A and B of the IPC: this portion of the IPC shall penalise the accused in the act for having committed a criminal conspiracy.
- IPC Sec 107-116: punishes the culprit for instigating murder or accidental crime in this section of the rule.
- IPC Sec 34 and 35: This portion of the IPC penalises the party for performing certain actions for manipulating individuals from one family.